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glossaryasfd
Allantoin
Effective anti-irritant extracted from comfrey plants.

Amino Acid
A fundamental building block of all proteins found in the body. Has antioxidant and water binding qualities.

Anti-inflammatory
An ingredient or compound that causes a reduction in the signs of inflammation, particularly redness, swelling, irritation, and tenderness.

Antioxidant
The functioning quality of an ingredient to reduce free-radical damage.

Beta Glucan ( glucan)
A strong anti-inflammatory agent with antioxidant properties.

Broad Spectrum Protection
Refers to the ability of a sunscreen to protect the skin by blocking both UVA and UVB rays of the sun.

Camelia Sinensis
See white tea extract.

Chamomile Extract
An herb that is shown to have antioxidant, anti-irritant and soothing properties.

Collagen Amino Acids
Amino acids derived from hydrolyzed collagen that have water-binding properties.

Collagenase

An undesired enzyme belonging to the group of enzymes called metalloproteinases (also called MMPs) that causes collagen to break down. Collagenase activity is counteracted with metalloproteinase inhibitors and with the use of broad-spectrum sunscreen.

Extracellular Matrix
A complex network of polysaccharides such as glycosaminoglycans and proteins (such as collagen) secreted by cells. Serves as a structural element in tissues and also influences development and physiology.

Free-Radical Damage
Causes aging of the skin; primarily wrinkles and discoloration. This damage can be caused by sunlight, pollution, cigarette smoke, pesticides, and solvents. Antioxidants are a solution to minimize and sometimes neutralize the damage done by free-radicals.

Ginko Biloba Extract
A powerful antioxidant that also helps increase blood flow. The leaves from the tree help production of collagen and have anti-inflammatory properties.

Ginseng root (panax ginseng extract)
A root shown to have very strong antioxidant properties. Also may be beneficial in wound healing.

Glycine Soja (Soybean oil)
Natural oil derived from wild soybeans that has emollient properties which help to maintain the structure of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) keeping it intact and healthy.

Hydrolyzed Glycosaminoglycans
A group of complex proteins that are a fundamental component of skin tissue.

Hair Keratin
See hydrolyzed hair keratin.

Hydrolyzed Hair Keratin

A primary protein component found in hair made up of amino acids. Has softening and moisturizing properties.

Jojoba oil
A non-fragrant plant oil with emollient properties.

Lecithin
A phospholipid that is a key building block of cell membranes. Has emollient and water-binding properties.

Licorice Extract
This extract has anti-inflammatory properties.

Linoleic Acid
An emollient fatty acid shown to be effective in cell regulation, and has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs)

A group of enzymes collectively responsible for the degradation of the extracellular matrix. See also metalloproteinase inhibitors.

Metalloproteinase Inhibitor
A member of the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP) family that acts to diminish the breakdown of good proteins by counteracting MMPs.

Panax Ginseng Extract

See ginseng

Panthenol (Panthenoic Acid)
A form of Vitamin B that has been shown to have effective hydrating and wound healing properties.

Sodium Ascorbate

See Vitamin C .

SOD (Superoxide Dismutase)
An important enzyme considered to be a potent antioxidant defense in nearly all cells exposed to oxygen. SOD is used to reduce free-radical damage to skin.

Soya Extract
See glycine soja (soybean).

Squalane
Belongs to the natural moisturizing factors (NMFs) group of compounds that helps keep the structure of the epidermis (outer layer of skin intact) and prevent individual skin cells from losing water. These ingredients mimic the structure and function of healthy skin.

Tocopherol Acetate
See Vitamin E

Vitamin A
Shown to be an effective antioxidant and skin cell-regulator.

Vitamin B5
Shown to have hydrating and healing properties.

Vitamin C
A potent antioxidant for skin. Helps fight free-radical damage and prevent photodamage to the skin.

Vitamin E
A naturally occurring lipid-soluble superstar antioxidant that helps to protect skin from oxidative stress, including photoaging.

Wheat Germ Oil
A non-fragrant plant oil with hydrating properties

White Tea
These are the less processed buds and leaves of green tea. Both white and green teas have antioxidant properties.